This specialised subject is a new discipline and often necessitates research and experiment prior to implementation on the ground.
Reinstatement and restoration
Reinstatement involves short-term, temporary storage and replacement of the original vegetation, while restoration is undertaken where there is no surviving vegetation.
Projects undertaken include:
- Restoration of inter-tidal habitat by managed retreat adjacent to the new Kincardine Bridge and the construction of a bird roost island
- Production of good practice guidelines for the restoration of coastal sandpits in machair habitat
- Reinstatement of moorland vegetation at Drumderg, Achany, Fairburn, Gordonbush and Calliachar wind farms
- Recommendations for restoration of heath and grassland following remedial works on an old colliery bing in Fife
Creation of new habitat is increasingly undertaken for compensation or enhancement.
- Installation of pine marten boxes and creation of otter holts at Griffin wind farm
- Provision of heated bat boxes during refurbishment of Douneside House Hotel in Aberdeenshire
- Creation of upland water vole habitat at Achany wind farm
- Otter holt and foraging habitat creation to mitigate disturbance to lie-ups at a Beith quarry extension in Ayshire
- Provision of bat bricks in new structures to replace habitat lost to bridge demolition on the A92 Dundee to Arbroath upgrade
Habitat and species translocation
Loss of ecologically important habitat should be avoided whenever possible, but translocation of vegetation or fauna may sometimes be necessary.
- Translocation of montane plant species at Achany wind farm
- Translocation of aquatic vegetation during several burn diversions
- Transplantation of woodland topsoil, turf and trees on the A96 upgrade